EXIT
An idea by Paul Virilio, a dynamic cartography created by Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin
In collaboration with Robert Gerard Pietrusko and Stewart Smith

Valparaiso, Chili, from Octobrer, 26th to november, 10th, 2017

Based on a prompt set out by French philosopher and urbanist Paul Virilio, this experimental work was created by American artists and architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro in collaboration with architect-artist Laura Kurgan and statistician-artist Mark Hansen with a core team of scientists and geographers for the exhibition Native Land, Stop Eject in 2008, and is now part of the Fondation Cartier collection.

Exit is composed of a series of immersive animated maps generated by data that investigate human migrations today and their leading causes, including the impacts of climate change. Its complete 2015 update has been planned to coincide with the pivotal Paris-based United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21). A crucial opportunity to limit global warming, the COP21 provides a powerful context in which to consider the issues at the heart of Exit: "It’s almost as though the sky, and the clouds in it and the pollution of it, were making their entry into history. Not the history of the seasons, summer, autumn, winter, but of population flows, of zones now uninhabitable for reasons that aren’t just to do with desertification, but with disappearance, with submersion of land. This is the future." (Paul Virilio, 2009)

Commissioned by the Fondation Cartier at a time when human migration flows began to take place on an unprecedented scale, Exit was first shown in its space at the end of 2008 as part of the exhibition Native Land, Stop Eject, and subsequently at the Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Copenhagen during the COP15 in 2009, and at the inauguration of the Alhóndiga Bilbao, Bilbao in 2010. Conceived as an artwork, Exit uses geo-coded data that was collected from over 100 sources, processed through a programming language and interpreted visually. The work is a reflection on the notions of being rooted and uprooted, as well as related questions of identity, Native Land addressed issues that have continued to intensify. The current asylum crisis makes the 2015 presentation of Exit more timely and relevant than ever.

Image : Exit, 2008-2015, « Natural disaster » scenario, Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain collection, Paris © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko

More

Exit takes form in an immersive space that presented a 360° projection of six animated and thematic maps: Population Shifts: Cities; Remittances: Sending Money Home; Political Refugees and Forced Migration; Natural Catastrophes; Rising Seas, Sinking Cities; Speechless and Deforestation (created in collaboration with Alhóndiga Bilbao and Unesco).

Using a wide array of sources ranging from international organizations to NGOs and research centers, Exit provides the rare opportunity to visually understand the complex relationships between the various factors underpinning contemporary human migrations. The work has been entirely updated, reflecting the alarming evolution of the data since it was first presented in 2008. In each of the six maps, the connection between humans and their environment has degraded considerably over the past seven years. The number of people displaced by wars, persecutions and violence has reached an all-time peak since the end of World War II, leading to a major political crisis here in Europe, though most of those displaced are hosted in developing countries. Urbanization and large-scale deforestation in tropical countries have continued at a riveting pace, leading to the uprooting of an increasing number of indigenous communities and the resulting loss of their native languages. Current pledges to cut greenhouse gas emissions are judged widely insufficient to achieve the goal of a maximum temperature increase of 2°C by the end of the century, and scenarios of a global warming that could reach 4°C or even 6°C are no longer considered science-fiction.

The success or failure of the COP21 negotiations will be felt for years to come, and will contribute to the course of the planet. Showing Exit for a two-month period at the Palais de Tokyo within this context is not just an important artistic event, but also a call to action, as the updated data paints the picture of movement across the globe today. The pixels making up each map represent human experiences, and reveal that our present relationship to our native land is based less on our attachment to a particular place than on our movement across it.

Exit, 2008-2015, 45 min.
An idea by Paul Virilio
Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin
In collaboration with Robert Gerard Pietrusko and Stewart Smith

Scientific Consultant: François Gemenne, researcher and professor of
migratory movement linked to climate change, Sciences Po, Paris

Scientific collaborators on Speechless and Deforestation: Bruce Albert,
Director of research at the Institut de recherche pour le développement
(IRD), and François-Michel Le Tourneau Director of research at the
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS).

Project Leaders: David Allin, Jeremy Linzee, Rodrigo Tisi
Project Team: Michael Doherty and Aaron Meyers
Sound Designer: Hans-Christoph Steiner

Speechless and Deforestation was produced by the AlhóndigaBilbao,
Bilbao, in collaboration with Unesco.

With special thanks to the following individuals at the Center for
Spatial Research at Columbia University: Juan Francisco Saldarriaga,
Associate Research Scholar; Madeeha Merchant, Research Assistant;
and Jonathan Izen, Research Assistant

GALLERY

  • Interview with François Gemenne, Researcher and professor of migratory movement linked to climate change, Sciences Po, Paris, Scientific Consultant for EXIT (2015).

  • Interview with Bruce Albert, Anthropologist et Research director at the Institut de recherche pour le développement (Paris), scientific consultant for EXIT (2015).

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

  • Exit, 2008-2015. © Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan and Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Stewart Smith and Robert Gerard Pietrusko Photo © Luc Boegly

Open mobile menu
Close mobile menu